Golf Wedges: What Are They?

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Anyone starting out in the sport needs to become familiar with basic golf terms. This will be useful for beginners because these terms will be permanent fixtures in any golfing career. Terms like putters, topspin, and bunkers should be learned early on to achieve efficient training sessions. In this article, we will be focusing on golf wedges and how to use them.

What Are Golf Wedges?

So, what exactly are golf wedges? Wedges are a type of golf clubs that typically possess the highest loft. These versatile clubs might not be useful for distance shots, but they are often the best to use to position shots.

Types of Golf Wedges


  • Pitching Wedges

This type of wedges has the lowest loft among all of the wedges at 44 to 49 degrees. A good shot with a PW can help the ball travel a distance of 110 to 125 yards. They can be used for low chip shots, approach shots, and even a “bump and run”.

  • Gap Wedges

This appropriately-named wedge was created to solve the loft gap between pitching wedges and sand wedges. These clubs will have a loft range of 50 to 54 degrees. It does not have an exact purpose, but it is often used to replace the PW when more flight and less distance are needed.

  • Sand Wedges

Sand wedges have been specifically designed to extract balls from sand bunkers. Among all kinds of wedges, this type has the widest sole, which gives it the best bounce and prevents the head from digging in to long grass, sand, and other soft lies. It can typically be used just like other short irons.

  • Lob Wedges

Last but not the least, lob wedges are the highest-lofted wedges at 56 to 60 degrees though special pieces can reach up to 64 degrees. It provides a steep angle for shots that require a quick ascent and a huge amount of backspin.

How to Buy the Right Wedges

When contemplating which wedges to buy, there are several factors to consider. Take these into account to achieve the best value for your money:

  • Loft

The loft refers to the angle at which the club face rests in relation to the shaft. It will dictate the distance the ball travels and the trajectory it will take. Professional players usually recommend a difference of four degrees between wedges for optimal playing performance.

  • Bounce

The bounce depends on the width of the club’s sole. The wider the sole, the better the bounce. A club that provides high bounce will be useful for soft lies while less bounce is preferable when playing on a harder surface and hitting from the fairway.

  • Grooves

The grooves on a club produce drag, create spin, and provide left, ultimately helping control the trajectory of the ball. The groove becomes more important as the loft increases. Wedges will have either a vintage finish or a laser-etching. The former rusts in a manner that complements a player’s style. The latter, meanwhile, provides the maximum spin by optimizing friction between the ball and the club without conforming to the player’s preferences as time goes by.

Wedges make up an important part of any golfer’s repertoire of clubs. It is imperative to know which club you need because the USGA has set the limit to a maximum of 14 clubs in a bag. It will also help save you time and money if you already know what kind you want to purchase before actually going out to shop.

Read more about: golf club reviews


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