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• Reading the green helps you to decide how Reading the green helps you to decide how much force to put on the putt
• Need to consider the following:
• Slope of the green Slope of the green
• Length of the grass Length of the grass
• Direction of the grain Direction of the grain
• Wind direction and speed Wind direction and speed
• Wetness or dryness of the grass Wetness or dryness of the grass
• Bumps or irregularities on the green (ball Bumps or irregularities on the green (ball marks, spike marks, pebbles)

Spin on the ball

• The ideal putt will The ideal putt will have symmetrical have symmetrical topspin following topspin following impact with the impact with the club. This topspin club. This topspin should be around should be around the left right axis, the left right axis, with no sidespin with no sidespin component component
• If the ball has If the ball has sidespin this sidespin this suggests that the suggests that the ball was hit off ball was hit off center

The putter

• The putter should be constructed so that it has The putter should be constructed so that it has a high resistance to rotation to the left and right a high resistance to rotation to the left and right
• Modern putters are constructed with a very Modern putters are constructed with a very large moment of inertia around the vertical axis large moment of inertia around the vertical axis so the club face remains square to the target so the club face remains square to the target even if the impact is slightly off center even if the impact is slightly off center
• Moment of inertia is the resistance of an object Moment of inertia is the resistance of an object to rotation around an axis, based on mass and to rotation around an axis, based on mass and the distance to the axis the distance to the axis2
• For example, the Odyssey 2 ball putter has a For example, the Odyssey 2 ball putter has a heavier head that is weighted on the sides to heavier head that is weighted on the sides to prevent club head rotation at impact

Putting routine

Good putters follow the same pre shot routine Good putters follow the same pre shot routine for all of their putts, which usually includes: for all of their putts, which usually includes:

• Lining up the ball or ball marker with the hole from Lining up the ball or ball marker with the hole from behind behind
• Walking from the putt to the hole to check the slope Walking from the putt to the hole to check the slope of the green, conditions around the hole, divots, etc. of the green, conditions around the hole, divots, etc.
• Placing the ball on the ball marker, usually with the Placing the ball on the ball marker, usually with the logo or a line on the ball lined up with the hole logo or a line on the ball lined up with the hole
• Picking out a divot or blade of grass to serve as a Picking out a divot or blade of grass to serve as a target a few feet from the ball target a few feet from the ball
• Taking a couple of practice putts from the side of Taking a couple of practice putts from the side of the ball, just to judge the distance of the hole
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