Course Instructor (P14)
Preventative Treatment of Golf Injuries
In addition to chiropractic manipulative therapy and passive physiotherapy, exercise strength training, flexibility and cardiovascular training and myofascial trigger point therapy are effective methods to treat golf injuries.
The Role Of Exercise In Physical Fitness
The most important physical fitness components related to personal health include muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, cardiovascular–respiratory fitness and body composition
Strength–is a maximum force that can be generated by a muscle or group of muscles for a single repetition.
Power–is the amount of force that can be generated in a short period of time. Generally, in sports activities, power is the quintessential attribute.
Endurance–is the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to perform many repetitions.
Flexibility–is the possible range of motion around a joint.
The Physicians Role In Exercise Program Planning And Design
The physicians role in their patients exercise program involves the initial assessment of physical fitness capabilities, short–term and long–term goal planning, design and implementation of an appropriate exercise program relative to exercise mode, intensity, duration and frequency, and periodic evaluation of exercise progression.
Exercise mode (is the type of exercise performed. For example, the performance of resistance training for strength development and aerobic exercise for cardiovascular–respiratory fitness).
Exercise intensity (is the speed or tempo of the exercise or the weight of the load lifted. Monitoring ones heart rate during aerobic exercise can measure exercise intensity).
Exercise duration (the amount of time required on a daily basis to achieve ones fitness goals).
Exercise frequency (the number of times per week that the individual exercises).
Prior to designing an appropriate exercise program for a patient, the physician must first assess the patients physical fitness capabilities and discuss their exercise goals. The physician must determine whether the patients exercise goals are achievable given their age, sex, current physical status and diagnosis.
Types of Muscular Contractions
An isometric contraction involves no shortening of the muscle. It occurs when the muscular force generated is inadequate to overcome the resistance. For example, if your 1 repetition maximum for the bicep curl is 50 pounds and you attempt to lift 80 pounds, no movement would occur. While the muscle attempts to shorten, it can not because the resistance is too great.
An isotonic, concentric contraction occurs when your muscle shortens during muscular contraction because the amount of force generated by the muscle is greater than the load. This type of contraction is seen during the performance of the bicep curl exercise.
An isotonic, eccentric contraction occurs when the muscle length increases during contraction because the load is greater than the force generated by the muscle.
An isokinetic muscle contraction is one in which the muscle can shorten only at a set speed with the help of a machine or device which provides resistance that changes depending upon how much force one exerts. The Kin–Com and Hydra–Gym machines allow for isokinetic muscle contraction
Aerobic fitness ( cardiovascular–respiratory efficiency) is the ability of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems to accommodate the oxygen needs of the muscular system over a sustained period of time, as in endurance events such as distance running, swimming and bicycling.